Assisted Living: Definitions for FHA Loan Purposes

Assisted living facility

WHAT IS ASSISTED LIVING?

Download DOC

Assisted living facilities are for people needing assistance with the basic Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) but wishing to live as independently as possible and for as long as possible.  Assisted living exists to bridge the gap between independent living and nursing homes. Residents in assisted living centers are not able to live by themselves but do not require constant care either. Assisted living facilities offer help with ADLs such as eating, bathing, dressing, laundry, housekeeping, and assistance with medications.  Many facilities also have centers for medical care; however, the care offered may not be as intensive or available to residents as the care offered at a nursing home. Assisted living is not an alternative to a nursing home, but an intermediate level of long-term care that is appropriate for many seniors.

Most assisted living facilities create a service plan for each individual resident upon admission.  The service plan details the personalized services required by the resident and guaranteed by the facility.  The plan is updated regularly to assure that the resident receives the appropriate care as his or her conditions change.

FHA Requirements for Assisted Living Facilities

Assisted living is the generic term used across the country. In order to obtain FHA mortgage insurance, three meals a day must be provided and included in the monthly rent and there can be no equity entrance fee, buy in or equity purchase. There can be evaluation fees, security deposits and other appropriate fees as approved.

The terms used for assisted living facilities differ across the country.  Other common terms for these facilities include:

  • Residential care
  • Personal care
  • Adult congregate living care
  • Board and care
  • Domiciliary care
  • Adult living facilities
  • Supported care
  • Enhanced care
  • Community based retirement facilities
  • Adult foster care
  • Adult homes
  • Sheltered housing
  • Retirement residences

HOW DOES ASSISTED AN ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY DIFFER FROM A NURSING HOME?

Nursing homes are designed to care for very frail people that are not able to care for themselves and have numerous health care requirements. Assisted living facilities are designed to assist elderly persons who are able to care for themselves except for a few activities. Assisted living facilities are often deemed necessary when the person in question needs help preparing meals, bathing, dressing, performing household chores, is sometimes confused, or is experiencing memory problems.

WHAT ARE CONTINUING CARE RETIREMENT COMMUNITIES?

Assisted living facilities are often connected with independent living residences and nursing homes.  The combination is known as a continuing care retirement community.   The resident can take advantage of the full range of services available and the ease of transfer to a different type of facility as his or her condition and needs change without needing to look for a new facility, relocate, or adapt to a new setting.  For example, the resident may begin in the independent living residences, move to assisted living as he or she needs help with activities of daily living, and eventually move to the nursing home as ongoing care becomes necessary.

The three different contracts available to people wishing to become a member of a continuing care community are extensive, modified, and fee-for-service.  All three cover shelter, amenities, residential services, and any short-term and emergency care.   The contracts differ in the amounts of entrance fees and monthly fees.

In addition to the costs mentioned above, an extensive contract also covers unlimited long-term nursing care with no corresponding increase in monthly payments.  This is the most expensive contract but may prove to be the most cost-effective in the long run.   The modified contract covers a specific amount of long-term nursing care in the monthly payments.  Once the specified amount is used, the resident must pay for any additional nursing care.  Residents under the fee-for-service contract must pay for long-term care at daily nursing care rates.  This is the least expensive plan because all future long-term nursing costs must be paid for separately from the contract.
Consult your financial planner to help you determine which plan is best for you.

WHAT IS INDEPENDENT LIVING?

Independent living is for people who want to and are able to live independently but do not want to maintain a home.  Many people prefer to live in a community with others of the same age and with similar interests.  An independent retirement community allows for a great deal of social activities and trips.  Many independent living facilities also offer prepared meals and provide a wide range of amenities.

Assisted Living Facility FHA Financing

John Panagako of Trust Mortgage Corporation is a leading provider of FHA Insured Loans for health care facilities including assisted living facilities. Contact John Panagako at 800-536-3371 or email info@trustlender.com, or use the contact form.

We provide FHA-Insured Loans for Healthcare related properties such as Assisted Living Facilities, Nursing Homes, and Hospitals